Technology is leading the race against the world, and it’s clearly winning. That leaves us with two options: join the race or stay behind. Each option comes with pros and cons, but do we really have a choice? We, adults,...
Science and Curriculum: The Scientific Method
What is Science?
Science is the understanding of the physical world, and it can only be explained through observation and exploration. Everything we know about science has been explored, observed, analysed and understood seeing that it repeats always giving the same results (it’s systematic).
Why Do Kids Learn Science?
Because they live in this world, so they need to have a good understanding of how things work, how things transform, and how things are created. This understanding will allow them to be more respectful, considerate, and caring for their environment and also for themselves and others.
How Can Kids Learn Science?
As with anything we learn, there are two teaching techniques. One is by using their memory to remember everything you teach them, and the other one is by hands-on experiences (or, as the curriculum calls it: procedural understanding). When they only remember things without having experienced them, the knowledge won’t be meaningful to them and, therefore, they will forget about it and they won’t be able to apply it in real life. So what’s the best way to learn science: THROUGH THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD.
UNDERSTANDING THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD
The most important thing about this method is that it starts at the exact level of knowledge that each kid has at that specific moment. It doesn’t matter how much they know, or what their skills are. They will all connect with what they know, and start learning from there. This is a really powerful methodology because every single child will feel curious, excited, and motivated to learn.
The Scientific Method Has 5 Steps:
- Ask a question: We can use a book, the newspaper, or any conversation we might have in the classroom.
- Gather information: Research books, share experiences, write down notes, make suggestions, share ideas, and find books... Everything we already know.
- Form a hypothesis: What do we think will happen? What do we think is the answer to our question?
- Test the hypothesis: Experiments, try out, trial and error. Individual experience. Compare the results with our previous answer.
- Share the results: presentation to the classroom, write down the results, draw pictures of the process... there should be a huge importance of LANGUAGE. Children will (as mentioned on the curriculum) classify things, express and modify ideas, formulate questions and hypothesis, and report conclusions. This offers a great opportunity to develop, improve and learn language and communication in a meaningful context so it makes sense for the children. They don’t learn it because they have to, they learn it because they want to, because they need it!