Loose parts is another word for open ended, multi-functional objects that can be adapted for play in many different ways. They are items or objects that can represent whatever the child wishes them to represent. They can be put together, taken apart, mixed, stacked or bent in any way the child sees fit.
When you incorporate loose parts as part of the material provided for the child’s play activities, problem solving and logical thinking skills are put to work as well as independence, freedom and genuine and authentic play. If they are nicely displayed the child will feel very atracted to them and pick them up to play which promotes independent play and decision-making.